viernes, 19 de enero de 2018

Working and living in Peru

If you are a foreigner and have thought about giving up everything and trying new opportunities in Latin American countries, we want to shed light on the pros and cons of living in a country like Peru.

For this purpose, we have talked with one of the country's most recognized lawyers in migration matters, Verónica Fernández Quereval, who warns that before taking such an important step as leaving the country of origin to work and live abroad, we must be clear about the reasons for our stay.

One option to find work before arriving in Peru is through the companies affiliated to the Chamber of Commerce of your Country, which usually have a list on their website. This webs also has a employment bureau where we can attach our CV.

According to Fernández, some of the jobs most in demand at the present time, of which there is no skilled labor force in Peru, are mainly geologists, sea scholars and technicians specialized in solar and renewable energy. English teacher is also in high demand in Peru.

Migration lawyer Peru, Living in Peru, Employes in Peru

Another field where there is not enough Peruvian talent to cover the demand for employment is in the field of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), which are in high demand in large national and international companies operating in Peru.

The lawyer argues that in the case of unskilled jobs such as construction workers, services (bartenders, cleaners, security personnel), or state security forces, it is not worth thinking about working in the country because of the low pay for these jobs.

The Minimum Vital Remuneration (RMV, in spanish) or minimum wage in Peru is in S/ 850 (US$ 265) and eligible for salaries of more than US$ 1,000 without higher education degrees and even diplomas or master's degrees (masters) is quite complicated.

First Steps to living in Perú

Upon entering the country you will have a stay time for tourism, which may not exceed 183 days during the calendar year; if during this stay in the country do not perform the "Change of migratory status", the Peruvian State may apply a penalty of US$ 1 per 'extra day' stay, or even mandatory departure.

According to the Immigration page,"temporary or permanent authorization obtained by Visa or by Change of Immigration Status, after its approval and payment of the respective fees, will be accredited by means of a special stamp in the passport or Inmigration Card, respectively".

Verónica Fernández informs that in order to access our Inmigrant Registration Card we need a contract of at least one year's duration (without a probationary period) or indefinite. The contract for existing agreements with other countries must be very similar to that of any other Peruvian.

As far as consular registration is concerned, Fernández recommends not to do this procedure if you are not sure that you are going to reside in Peru, although there is also the temporary consular registration, which will be necessary if you are going to use the services of you Consulate in Lima. In the case of having a job, it is advisable to register as a consular officer, because in an emergency and disaster situation the Consulate is obliged to take care of its fellow citizens.

There are several types of "migratory qualities" when applying for our Inmigration Registration Card, the most common being those of "Worker" and "Independient Professional", as well as those who come to Peru for the purpose of undertaking.

In order to ensure that the new Migration Law, recently launched in January 2017, is expected to streamline the formalities for foreigners in Peru and among other actions, has begun to eliminate the Annual Foreigners' Rate, which meant the payment of US$ 20 annually and all fees that a foreigner was entitled to pay in dollars.

It is also expected that the renewal of the Inmigration Registration Card and its respective fees will take from one year to two years.

Other migratory qualities are those related to 'Businessmen' (entrepreneurs who demonstrate a capital of US$ 30,000) or 'Immigrant', who offers an indefinite residence and avoids having to go to renew the I.C. annually. It can be the closest thing to having Peruvian nationality without having to deal with it. For this quality, you are asked to demonstrate a year of income above S/40,500 (10 UIT).

Fernández assures that this quality can offer the benefits of nationality, local and regional (although not presidential) voting and the advantages of being an indefinite immigrant. It does recommend nationality if you have children with a Peruvian partner.

It should be noted that all requirements for immigration status are at the expense of being regulated by directives and internal regulations of the National Superintendence of Migration, such as the TUPA (Single Text of Administrative Procedures) of the institution, so that these procedures are in full evolution in order to adapt legislation to the reality of foreigners residing in Peru.

A new Nationality Law is also envisaged, which is already in the pipeline and hopes to remove requirements and adapt it to a better quality procedure.

Migration lawyer Peru, Living in Peru, Employes in Peru

The lawyer states that all foreigners who are thinking of coming to live in Peru, think that public institutions here (despite the considerable advances of recent years) do not work as in Europe, and that deficiencies in transport or citizen insecurity can disappoint many visitors.

For this reason, it recommends tolerance to a different culture, a different country and a period of adaptation according to the personality of each one, not to lose patience and the achievement of objectives if one wants to reside.

If after arriving in Peru you get a job, it is best not to work in the black and claim all the social benefits that the law stipulates. In Peru Travels Blog we have compiled a collection of websites where you can find job offers. To do this, ask for a record and attach the CV.

This webs are in spanish, we recommend you to speak some Spanish upon arrival (Google Translate could be a great help).

Redinfor (for jobs in non-profit organizations)

This article is open to comments, from Peru Travels Blog, we will be happy to answer any questions or doubts.

Esteaban García, Peru Travels Blog
January 2017

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