sábado, 29 de abril de 2017

Discovering Lima, Historical Center, Museums (III)

In previous post we made a brief review of the most characteristic religious buildings of the time of the viceroyalty in the Historic Center of Lima city.

However, if we don’t have much time to spend in the city and your preferences are more 'profane', we have some other interesting places which you can visit in the City of Kings. We recommended a short list of museums that we can find in the streets surrounding the mentioned Plaza de Armas (Main Square).

Museum of the Inquisition

Close by Junín street 548, and next to Plaza Bolivar, the Museum of the Inquisition is part of the Peruvian Congress of the Republic. According to the web page of this museum, it is (for 14th consecutive year) the most visited museum in Peru: 7.4 million visitors from 1968 to March 31, 2012.

In the nineteenth century it was also the precinct of the Peruvian Senate and welcomed its politicians. In his installations we can observe some of the practices and tortures that the Inquisition carried out through figures and objects used by the "macabre" catholic court.

Inside, the main attracctions are the Library, the Audience Hall (with a ceiling of more than 30 thousand pieces carved in mahogany) or the "Puerta del Secreto", which led to the private environment of the Inquisitor Mayor. SCHEDULE: Mon-Fri 9.00 a 17.00. Free admission with guided tours every half hour. Phone: (01) 311-7777. Facebook.

Museum of the Inquisition, Knowing Lima, Museums Lima

Museum of the Inquisition, Knowing Lima, Museums Lima

Museum of Central Reserve Bank (BCR) 

This museum is in Jirón Lampa with Ucayali and has a first-order-tour for the pictorial, archaeological and numismatic heritage of Peru.

It also carries out other kinds of cultural activities such as exhibitions, cinema or theater for children. It has three exhibition areas: archeology room (with pieces from the Vicus, Moche, Chancay, Inca, Nazca, Chimú, Lambayeque and Chavín cultures); Pinacoteca Manuel Moreyra Loredo (with tendencies and schools of Peruvian painters of the XIX, XX and XXI centuries); and the Popular Art Room, with textiles, ceramics, textiles, among other items from Peru. SCHEDULE: Tue-Fri 10.00 to 16.30 and Sat-Sun 10.00 to 13.00. Free entrance. Phone: (01) 613-2000, anx 2655. Facebook.

Museum of Central Reserve Bank, Knowing Lima, Museums Lima

Postal and Philatelic Museum

This museum is one of the oldest of its kind in Latin America. Founded in 1931 as a dependency of the National Post Office, it has an official collection of Peruvian postage stamps, souvenir sheets, commemorative envelopes, commemorative postmarks, and other philatelic world curiosities.

It is also quite close to the Plaza de Armas, in Conde de Superunda 170. SCHEDULE: Tue-Fri 9am to 5pm and Sat-Sun 9am to 1am. Free entrance. Phone: (01) 428-0400.

Postal and Philatelic Museum, Knowing Lima, Museums Lima

Andrés del Castillo Museum

This private museum located in the historic Jiron de la Union 1030 keeps a set of rooms with an important Peruvian historical heritage. In its Hall of Mining can be observed the most important collection of crystallized minerals of Peru. The room of Ceramics Chancay shows a wide collection of these objects, as well as clothing and lifestyle of this culture.

La Casa Belén, which took the name of Andrés del Castillo (1985-2006), has a patio that can be used for artistic presentations and workshops of all kinds of artistic manifestations of the country. SCHEDULE: 9.00 a.m. to 6.00 p.m. Closed Tuesday. Entry S / 10. Telephone: (01) 433-2831. Facebook.

Andrés del Castillo Museum, Knowing Lima, Museums Lima

Lima Museum of Art (MALI)

The historic Palacio de la Exposición (Paseo Colón 125), which houses the MALI, was built between 1871 and 1872 and is one of the most beautiful buildings in the eclectic architecture of Lima.

It was built as the site of the first great public exhibition of Peru, the "Great Exhibition of Arts, Sciences and Industries", to celebrate the first 50 years of Independence. Its neo-renaissance design is attributed to the Italian architect Antonio Leonardi and the iron columns are attributed to the Eiffel house.

At present it’s home to a large number of exhibitions: Pre-Columbian art; Colonial art; XIX century; Twentieth century; Contemporary art; textils; Colonial and republican silverware; Drawing and ‘costumbrismo’; And photography. You can visit it website to know their latest exhibitions and upcoming events. SCHEDULE: 10.00 a 17.00. Wednesday closed. Free entrance. Phone: (01) 423-6332. Facebook.

MALI Lima, Knowing Lima, Museums Lima

Museum of Peruvian Culture

This museum is located on Avenida Alfonso Ugarte 650. Its purpose is to show the evolution of Peruvian cultural processes from pre-Hispanic times to the present. Its facade dates from 1946 and is of indigenist character.

Inside we can visit the most important collection of popular and ethnographic art of Peru, with a great variety of Ayacucho altarpieces, ceramics, imagery, silverware and textiles.

This museum belonging to the Ministry of Culture and offers workshops of Peruvian culture as embroidery of the valley of Mantaro (in the mountain range of the country); Peruvian waistband, guitar and charango, northern marinera (country flag dance), tinplate crafts, among others. SCHEDULE: Tue-Fri 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. and Sat 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. S / 4 input; Children S / 1. Telephone: (01) 423-5892. Facebook.

Museum of the Peruvian Culture, Knowing Lima, Museums Lima

Italian Art Museum

This museum located on Paseo de la Republica 250 was a gift from the Italian community to the Peruvian state for the Centennial of Independence of Peru on November 11, 1923.

The building, in Neo-Renaissance style and with Venetian mosaics on the outer walls, has bronze and marble sculptures, as well as ceramics and paintings by some 120 Italian artists from the early 20th century. SCHEDULE: Mon-Fri 10:00 AM to 5:00 PM. Entrance S / 5, children S / 1. Telephone: (01) 423-9932. Facebook.

Italian Art Museum, Knowing Lima, Museums Lima

Cemetery Presbítero Maestro Museum

Located in the Jirón Ancash 1611-Barrios Altos, outside the city, this cemetery converted into a museum dates back to 1807. After the earthquake of 1746 that decimated to 10% the population of Lima, and the plague of smallpox of 1801, was proposed the Construction of this space for the rest of the inhabitants, who were traditionally buried in catacombs such as San Francisco.

General José de San Martín, established in October of 1821 the prohibition of using the churches for the burials, reason why the Cemetery enters a new stage of development.

In this space are hundreds of mausoleums, sculptures and monuments of refined architecture that give rest to great part of the majors personages of the Peruvian history. The cemetery possessed three types of burials: graves, niches and ossuary.

The graves were used for distinguished people, the niches for the elite and the ossuary for the other members of the society of the time. In the Crypt of the Heroes are the men and women who wrote -for their importance- the history of Peru. The Pantheon of Heroes is dedicated to the heroes of the Pacific War (1879-1883) which face Chile and Peru.

Currently, the Public Benefit of Lima offers guided twice-a-month guided visits, called "Full Moon Nights", which tells the story of the illustrious characters who are buried there.

There are other tour operators who make these guided tours, although we would like to dedicate a post to this experience later. SCHEDULE: Mon-Sun 8.00 a.m. to 6.00 pm General Cemetery.
Entrance to the Crypt of the Heroes S / 35 previous notice to the Museum Cemetery. Entry to Chambers S / 10 each. Phone: (01) 328-0241. Guided tours Mon-Sat from 9.00 to 14.30, adults S / 7, children S / 2. With additional S / 50 guide. Phone: (01) 385-2117. Full Moon Nights Guide. Second and fourth Thursday of each month, first and third Saturday of each month. Adults S / 20, children S / 10. Tour schedule: 19.00 to 22.00. Ticket sales and departure: Jirón Puno 228, Cercado de Lima. Phone: (01) 427-3798. Facebook.

Presbítero Maestro Museum, Knowing Lima, Museums Lima

Ethnographic Museum of Pío Aza Cultural Center

In this last commentary of this museum in the Historic Center of Lima, we want to make a leap from the history of the Lima viceroyalty to the history of the Peruvian jungle in the south of the country.

The center, which belongs to the Dominican Fathers' Congregation, is located in the so-called "Casa de los Pianos" in Jiron Callao 562, a building dating back to the 19th century and rebuilt in the 90's to accommodate the center.

In its interior we find a thousand pieces among photographs, textiles, paintings, objects, which daily use the native peoples of the south of the Peruvian Amazon - such as the Ashaninkas or Matsigengas - and serve as a sample to give an idea of their way of life and their customs.

The Ethnographic Museum was reopened in 2003. The center also has a library of Amazonian studies for those interested in learning more about the different ethnic groups in the south of the country. SCHEDULE: Mon-Fri 9.00 a 17.00. Entrance S / 2, children S / 1. Telephone: (01) 331-0771. Facebook.

Ethnographic Museum of Pío Aza Cultural Center, Knowing Lima, Museums Lima

In the next post we will see some of the colonial houses that may surprise us and often we found among the streets of the city center.

April 2017

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