martes, 11 de abril de 2017

Arriving in Peru / Vaccines / Recommendations

Aware of the complexity of describing a country as extensive and multicultural as Peru, we will try to offer in this post - succinctly - some generic data of interest that may be useful before starting our trip.

Peru has three distinct areas: Coast, Andean Mountain Ranges , and Amazon (the latter represents 60% of the national territory). Bathed by the Pacific Ocean, it borders the north with Ecuador and Colombia, with Brazil to the east, and Bolivia and Chile to the southwest.

The great variety of climates allows to have a large number of natural resources and supplies for its renowned gastronomy. For example: Peru has 28 different types of climates and up to a total of 84 of 104 microclimates. The country is also the richest in the world in marine resources, and its sea bathes 900 thousand km2.

WHICH VACCINES DO I NEED?

Peru is located in the South American tropics and the diseases that occur in the warm part of the country are comparable with those of the African or Asian tropics, especially those coming from mosquito bites such as malaria, yellow fever and dengue fever. 

If you are traveling to a destination in the Peruvian Amazon or surroundings (Loreto, Madre de Dios, San Martín, Ucayali, Amazonas and Junín jungle, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Pasco, Puno, Huánuco or Huancavelica) we recommend to vaccinate between four and eight weeks before initiating the trip, because the immunity of the compound begins to function at least after 10 days. 

Do not make the classic mistake - as in the case of the person who writes you - of vaccinating you in Lima a week before you travel. If you are in a hurry, you can vaccinate at the Jorge Chavez airport for S / 84(26 USD). If you have time, you can get vaccinated in Lima at these centers for free. www.minsa.gob.pe/portada/Especiales/2016/fiebre_amarilla/

When vaccinating in your home country, the United States has an international vaccination certificate, which can be used for administrative fines. They never asked me for it in the affected by malaria or dengue areas, but it would be good to have it as a precaution. The validity is 10 years.


International Certificate of Vaccination, Vaccines Peru

CURRENCY EXCHANGE IN PERU

The Peruvian currency was renamed since mid-December 2015 from "Nuevo Sol" to simply "Sol" (S / o PEN). The current exchange rate for today (April 11, 2017) is S / 3.26 with respect to the US Dollar and S / 3.25 with respect to the Euro. Check the exchange rate on the official website of the Central Reserve Bank of Peru (BCR): www.bcrp.gob.pe  or online converters such as themoneyconverter.com.

TRAVEL INSURANCE

When traveling, you can purchase travel insurances that covers loss, theft, casual accidents or illnes, some of them with 24-hour phones that can help with any inconvenience. Let's look at the small print, as some of them do not cover activities such as diving, motorcycling or hiking. Some companies like STA Travel offer polices with good value for money.

HOLIDAYS IN PERU

Something to keep in mind is that on holidays banks, offices and many of the attractions, will be closed, so it will be good to look at these dates in advance. The most important is July 28, Independence Day, that if it closes on Thursday it will be closed until monday. These are the most important:

New Year (January 1)
Holy Friday (March / April)
Labor Day (May 1)
Inti Raymi or “Sun party” (June 24)
St. Peter and St. Paul (June 29)
Independence Day (July 28)
Saint Rose of Lima (August 30)
Angamos Combat (October 8)
All Saints Day (November 1st)
The Immaculate Conception (December 8)
Christmas (December 25th)

WEATHER

When preparing the suitcase and depending on the destination we are going to visit we must take into account certain considerations. The climate in the city of Lima is mild throughout the year due to its proximity to the Pacific coast. 


Weather of Peru

The average annual maximum temperature is around 22 ° C and the minimum temperature is around 17 ° C. Lima sky is called Donkey Belly because it is usually cloudy almost all the year with that gray so characteristic that distinguishes it. You can only see the sun well during the summer months (from December to April).

Entering the Peruvian Mountain Ranges we can find different climates depending on the altitude. With low temperatures and frost that can reach -0 ° C.

The Peruvian Amazon, on the other hand, usually has high temperatures classic of the humid tropical forest, with an average that surpasses the 27 ºC and little variation between the temperatures of the day and the night. We can divide this climate into four cycles: Rainy cycle (Feb, Mar, Apr, and May); Semi dry cycle (Jun, jul, and agos); Dry cycle (Sep, Oct, and Nov); And Semi rainy cycle (dic, and ener).

In the next post we will describe in depth the different regions of Peru and offer a list with the indispensable items that you must bring.

Esteban, Peru Travels Blog
Lima, April 2017
info@perutravelsblog.com

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